INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS DEPARTMENT (IOD)
The International Organisations Department (IOD) coordinates Nigeria’s engagement with the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations and other multilateral organisations with membership composition cutting across the continents of the world. To this effect, the Department plays an active role in the advancement of Nigeria’s interests at multilateral level through her Missions accredited to the relevant international organisations.
The Department supports the Ministry’s policy priorities by contributing to the strengthening of developments and trends in multilateral diplomacy, and by coordinating multilateral diplomatic affairs in political, international law, disarmament, human rights, humanitarian, refugees, migration and other topical areas. In this respect, the Department seeks to ensure that the international governance frameworks support Nigeria’s national efforts towards economic growth and the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by year 2030.
Major issues such as environmental protection and sustainability, food security, gender equality, the war on drugs, war on terrorism and others cannot be effectively addressed locally or regionally but through global approach and international cooperation. To this end, the Department provides policy advice and analyses on the various issues on global agenda as well as supervises and guides the relevant Nigeria Missions, to effectively articulate Nigeria’s position on the wide range of multilateral issues on global agenda.
The three Divisions under IOD are First United Nations, Second United Nations and Global Institutions Divisions.
First United Nations Division (FUND)
The First United Nations Division (FUND) is a key component of the International Organizations Department. The Division follows the work and activities of the First, Fourth and Sixth Committees of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) and the agenda of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).
The First Committee deals with disarmament and threats to international peace with the aim of finding solutions to the challenges in the international security regime. It considers all disarmament and international security matters within the scope of the UN Charter or relating to the powers and functions of any other organ of the United Nations; the general principles of cooperation in the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as principles governing disarmament and the regulation of armaments; promotion of cooperative arrangements and measures aimed at strengthening political stability around the world. It also addresses issues relating to nuclear non-proliferation treaty, as well as non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction. The Committee works in close cooperation with the United Nations Disarmament Commission and the Geneva-based Conference on Disarmament (CoD).
The Fourth Committee, the Special Political and Decolonization Committee, deals with a variety of subjects which include those related to decolonization, Palestinian refugees, peacekeeping, mine action, outer space, public information, atomic radiation and University for Peace.
The Sixth Committee considers issues related to international law in the UN General Assembly. Some of the topical issues on the agenda of the Committee include: Measures to eliminate International Terrorism; United Nations Program of Assistance in the Teaching, Study, Dissemination and Wider Appreciation of International Law; Criminal Accountability of United Nations Officials and experts on Mission; Effects of armed conflicts on Treaties; the International Law Commission; the Scope and application of Universal jurisdiction; Administration of Justice at the United Nations, and others. Nigeria is an active member of the various organisations and party to legal instrument under the purview of the Sixth Committee, which include United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL), United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), International Seabed Authority (ISA) and the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law. The reports of the International Court of Justice (ICJ), which is one of the organs of the United Nations, and the International Criminal Court (ICC), are table and considered at the General Assembly plenary, although the contents of their works are related to the focus of the Sixth Committee.
United Nations Security Council has the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It is composed of 5 Permanent and 10 non-Permanent Members. The 5 permanent members are China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States. The 10 non-permanent members are elected for two-year term by the General Assembly.
The Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or any act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Council imposes sanctions or authorizes the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.
Second United Nations Division (SUND)
The Second United Nations Division (SUND) is one of the three (3) Divisions under the International Organisations Department (IOD). It is seized with the mandate to handle all matters relating to the following programmes of work of the UN Committees, namely:
(a) Second Committee – Economic and Financial;
(b) Third Committee – Social, Humanitarian and Cultural; and
(c) Fifth Committee – Administrative and Budgetary matters.
Key Performance Areas
Specifically, the Division’s Key Performance Areas (KPAs) are premised on thematic issues in the context of the three (3) UN Committees as follows:
Thematic Issues of the Second Committee
The Second Committee (Economic and Financial) deals with relevant thematic issues through various UN organizations such as the following:
- a) Economic growth and development i.e. Macro-economic policy questions comprising:
- International trade and development
- International financial system/institutions
- External debt sustainability Commodities
- b) Financing for Development
- c) The 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development (the 3 dimensions of SDGs economic, social & environmental)
- d) Poverty Eradication
- e) Globalization and Interdependence
- f) Operational activities for development
- g) Information and Communications Technology for development
- h) Groups of Countries in special situations such as the Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs), Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and African Affairs.
- i) Permanent sovereignty of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and of the Arab population in the occupied Syrian Golan Heights over their natural resources.
Thematic Issues of the Third Committee
The Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural) has agenda items allocated to it by the General Assembly relating to a range of social, humanitarian and human rights issues that affect people all over the world as listed below:
- a) Human rights questions, including reports of the special procedures of the Human Rights Council which was established in 2006.
- b) Questions relating to the advancement of women
- c) The protection of children
- d) Indigenous issues
- e) The treatment of refugees
- f) The promotion of fundamental freedoms through the elimination of racism and racial discrimination
- g) The right to self- determination
Social development questions such as:
- h) Issues related to youth, family, ageing, persons with disabilities
- i) Crime prevention
- j) International drug control.
Thematic Issues of the Fifth Committee
The Fifth Committee is the Committee of the General Assembly with responsibilities for Administration and Budgetary matters. It also considers and approves financial and budgetary arrangements with specialized agencies and makes recommendations to the Agencies concerned.
- a) Financial reports and audited financial statements, and reports of the Board of Auditors of UN Agencies/Subsidiary Bodies and Committees.
- b) Review of the efficiency of the administrative and financial functioning of the United Nations.
- b) Urgent matters relating to the financing of peacekeeping missions authorized by the Security Council at any of its sessions.
- d) Programme budget on biennium basis
- Performance report: programme budget on biennium basis.
- Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Office for Partnerships.
- Capital master plan
- e) Proposed programme budget on biennium basis
- Global service delivery model
- Information and communications technology
- International Public-Sector Accounting Standards
- Special Political Missions: estimates in respect of matters of which the Security Council is seized
- f) Report on the activities of the Office of Internal Oversight Services
- g) Scale of assessments for the apportionment of the expenses of the United Nations peacekeeping operations and issues pertaining to assessed contributions to the UN and other international organisations Nigeria belongs to.
- There is regular collaboration between the Fifth Committee desk and the Second and Third Committees as well as the First United Nations Division (FUND) on all Programme Budget Implications (PBI) to facilitate their negotiation in the Fifth Committee at the UN.
Global Institutions Division
The Division is saddled with the responsibilities of coordinating Nigeria’s activities as well as protecting Nigeria’s interests in all international organizations to which the country is accredited, except those with economic related mandates. The Division handles the following organizations:
- Commonwealth of Nations
- Organization of Islamic Cooperation (IOC)
- Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
- Community of Democracy (CoD)
Nigeria is looking forward to further strengthen her relations with these organizations through her active participation in the various programmes of the organizations and their specialized institutions.